What Does Ejected Mean in Basketball? Causes of Basketball Ejection

Basketball comes with its defined directives and ordinance, mandatory for the players to act upon each of them where the foundational rule includes minus-physicality and eradicating unsportsmanlike behavior. Committing violations of these pronouncements leads to sanctions on the players.

An ejection in basketball is the sanction imposed on the players or coaches perpetrating excessive technical fouls, violations, conduct fouls, or exhibiting prohibited behavior during the game. The ejection leads to the player/coach’s elimination from the competition and being removed from the court-designated area. Any on-court player, the off-court player (the side players on the bench), and coaches can be ejected by the referee or the official body when found guilty.

What Does Ejected Mean in Basketball

Considerable causes and effects exist as a result of Ejection. For a comprehensive understanding of ejection in basketball, let’s have a look at the discourse below.

What Is Ejection in Basketball?

In basketball, Ejection is the penalty that comes off with the dismissal or disqualification of the player/coach from the game as a result of severe and continuous violations against the defined play rules.

Ejection is the universal penalty in all basketball league variations. The players, coaches, team bench players, managers, and other staff are considered eligible to be charged with ejection in case any of them find exercising, ‘breaching, and revolting’ against the defined regulations. Only the referees and the official authorities have the command to eject the players with disorderly behavior.

The ejected players are expected to leave the court and game-specified zone as soon as they are blamed for the ejection. In case of delay or denial, heavy fines and serious penalties may be observed against the players.

What Are the Causes of Basketball Ejection?

The usual causes of Ejection are technical fouls, ungentlemanly behavior, and committing any kind of flagrant fouls. According to NBA Rulebook, a player can be expelled from the court if found guilty of committing any of the below violations.

  • If the bench player enters the court illegally
  • Attempt to punch or elbow an opponent over his shoulder  – regardless if it hits the player or not.
  • If commits a punching or fighting foul.
  • If commits any variation of flagrant Foul
  • Inactive players dare to enter the ball game.

Recommended to read: Rules & Regulations of Basketball

Technical Fouls Causes of the Ejection in Basketball:

The technical foul when enacts, a sign of “T” is made by the referee to notify and issue the penalty to the player. The Technical foul list includes numerous rules which the players must adhere to or else wise may charge with rules violations –  for one particularly observed. Any on-court player or bench personnel (including the coach and staff) may be responsible for the technical foul which can lead to ejection.

The NBA Rulebook clearly states, what is a  technical foul in basketball. and its types. Primarily the technical foul comes up with 6 variations which are:

  1. Excessive Timeouts
  2. Delay-of-Game
  3. Number of Players
  4. Basket Ring, Backboard, or Support
  5. Conduct
  6. Fighting Fouls

Of the six technical fouls, the 2 fouls that are – Conduct and Fighting Fouls need no discrete call from the referee and consequence in an Automatic Ejection. 

Technical fouls due toconduct” or unsportsmanlike behavior may be given to the active players, the inactive players on the floor/seated on the bench, or other staff persons. If the referee or the official observed any of the below behaviors, that are detrimental to the game – results in the ejection of the player.

  • Dishonoring a game official.
  • Intentional jersey violations.
  • Physicality with a game official.
  • Taunting, mockery, use of slang, or cunning.
  • Intentional inordinately physical movements at an opponent.
  • Bench personnel – the seated players and coaches enter the court.
  • Unnecessarily objecting to a call or no-call decisions that may include using profanity.

Technical Fouls due to “fighting” are called as a result of a clash or conflict leading to a scuffle between the active or seated players. A maximum of $50,000 and/or suspension may be imposed as a forfeit on the masses.

Variation of Fines in Technical Fouls:

The amount of fine increases with the increase in fouls committed and gets heftier foul per foul. The first and second technical fouls receive a $1,000 fine each, three and four — $1,500, five and six increase to a $2,000 fine each. The seventh foul would lead to a $2,500 fine plus a one-game suspension. Each additional technical foul beyond that includes a $2,500 fine. If the ratio of technical fouls committed in intervals of two, goes up to seven or up, every time the fine of $2,500 is charged with a one-game suspension.

Flagrant Fouls Causes of the Ejection in Basketball:

Flagrant foul is a type of personal foul that happens as an out-turn of extravagant physicality, illicit touches leading to harm, or violent actions causing injuries to the player. Both offensive and defensive players may find guilty of it and can be charged regardless if the ball is dead or alive. It may be accidental or intentional. As per NBA, flagrant foul is categorized into Two.

  1. Type 1 Flagrant Foul is an unnecessary contact against an opposing player.
  2. Type 2 Flagrant Foul is an unnecessary and “excessive” contact committed against an opposing player.

FF1 does not directly lead to the automatic ejection rather the ejection is imposed, if the player commits it again, that is the “second time”. On the contrary, the FF2 results in an automatic ejection of the player.

Consequently, the fouled player is awarded 2-3 free throws and ball possession. In case, the fouled player is wounded, the coach decides on his substitute to perform the role.

Recommended to read: Referee Signals

The NBA Officials about the flagrant foul state:

Both flagrant fouls carry a penalty of two free throws and the team that was fouled retains possession. An FF2 also results in the ejection of the player committing the foul (a player who commits two FF1’s in the same game is also ejected).

Other Rules of Ejection at Different Basketball Levels:

Though the “Ejection” is a penalty observed in every basketball league, it comes with slight variation for each league. The earlier mentioned guide was from the NBA Rulebook, here are some additional variations from other leagues regarding ejection.


According to the FiBA rules, the player should be ejected, if arraign with any of the mentioned combinations below.

  • Two Unsportsmanlike Fouls
  • Two Technical Fouls
  • One Technical and one unsportsmanlike foul

Among all, the Unsportsmanlike foul grants the fouled player with combinations of free throws and results in a turnover.


The NCAA ejection demands the ejected player to leave the court-filed and the dugout area immediately once the ejection is called upon him and expects the ejected player obligatory to not communicate with the teammates or the empire. The ejected players are sent off to the locker room. In NCAA, it’s mainly due to the misconduct or unsportsmanlike conduct of the players.

High School:

According to the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS), the ejected player is still allowed to seat on the team bench. This ensures, their uninterrupted learning under the coach and adult members of the team.

Who Can Get Ejected in the Basketball? And by Whom?

An ejection in basketball is not only limited to the players rather the penalty holds for anyone in the basketball team such as bench personnel, inactive players, coaches, managers, and other staff. If any folk is observed to violate any of the below rules, are ejected by the officials straight away.

Players on the court can be ejected if they:

  • Find guilty of committing  two technical fouls
  • Accumulate two flagrant fouls type 1
  • Execute a flagrant fouls type 2
  • Fighting fouls

Players and the coaching team on the bench can be ejected if they:

  • Impermissible entrance into the court
  • Fighting fouls

Another prime reason for ejection includes the use of illegal and prohibited drugs by the players that may affect their production, performance, and athleticism in any way.

The decision of Ejection is wholly in the hands of the referee/ or umpires and the basketball officials.

NBA Players With the Most Ejections in History

NBA is known to be the strictest league among all. Being a popular, charismatic, prominent, and super-watched league, it brings a huge mixture of emotions and tensions to the team which occasionally outcomes in losing the composure and calamity of the players/coaches, leading to ejections. Below is the list of renowned NBA players who were culpable of notable ejections.

PlayerNumber of Ejections
Rasheed Wallace29
DeMarcus Cousins14
Kenyon Martin12
Reggie Miller12
Matt Barnes12
Metta World Peace (Ron Artest)11
Gary Payton11
Stephen Jackson11
Shaquille O’Neal10
Paul Pierce10

What Happens When You Get Ejected in a Basketball Game? The Penalty of Ejection

An ejection in basketball directly leads to the dismissal of the player from the court and game-defined zones. They are supposed to straightly go up to their locker room/dressing room or leave the building at once. 

In case of infringement of immediate departing or neglecting the words of the officials, the players are imposed with heftier fines, with a minimum of $2,000 to $50,000. Particularly, the bench players guilty of leaving the sidelines also face a one-game suspension.

The chances of more fines and/or suspension increase, if the ejected masses resist or delay leaving the playing area.

Effects of Ejection on the Players and Team:

Along with the minimum fine of 1000 to 2000 dollars, the ejected person is expected to leave the court. Strictly abiding by the rule, the official can award the game to the opposing team.

16 technical fouls by a player in a single season bring the sanction of suspension from one game, additional suspension is added for the increment of two, thereafter. If the 16th technical foul is observed in the very last game of the season, the penalty holds for the next game the player play(probably the first game of the next season).

What Happens When a Coach Gets Ejected in Basketball?

When a coach gets ejected, the bench coach gains the responsibility of performing the manager role for the rest of the game. The ejected coach leaves the dugout and returns to the clubhouse leaving the game behind. However, the game resumes from the same point where it left off/paused after the main coach’s dismissal.

What Kind of Foul Do Players Get if Disrespect the Referee?

A technical foul is charged on the player who misconducts, shows unsportsmanlike behavior by repeatedly questioning or denying the referee call or no-call, dishonoring the officials by exhibiting an attitude of violent physicality, words of fussing or slang, and showing resentment toward referees decisions.

NBA Trivia on Ejections and Technical Fouls:

In 2004, a wrangle took place between the two well-known teams of that time that were, the Pacers & Pistons. Their dispute also famous as the ‘Pacers-Pistons Brawl’, lead to the suspensions of many big names. The controversy heated up the environment well enough and even NBA enforced to change some rules regarding security and alcohol sales during games. The list of suspended players of both teams includes:

Player (Team)Suspensions by NBASalary Lost
Ron Artest (Pacers)86 Games$4,997,500
Stephen Jackson (Pacers)30 Games$1,750,000
Jermaine O’Neal (Pacers)15 Games$4,115,000
Ben Wallace (Pistons)6 Games$400,000
Anthony Johnson (Pacers)5 Games$122,222
Reggie Miller (Pacers)1 Game$61,111
Chauncey Billups (Pistons)1 Game$60,611
Derrick Coleman (Pistons)1 Game$50,000
Elden Campbell (Pistons)1 Game$48,888


The ejection is been a part of basketball for a long. Yet it’s not something to be proud of.

In today’s game., the security and safeguard of the team’s players have now been the top priority of the NBA, and all other leagues, that Referees nowadays do not hesitate to eject the players if found any of them attempting abusive/violent behavior, misconduct, and prohibited actions on/off the court.

Keeping up the game controlled with little violence has been the utmost concern and primacy of basketball officials nowadays. Hence, ejections are frequently called whenever needed to ensure a neutral, smooth, untroubled, and passive environment in the game.

Though basketball at times gets rivalry when playing again certain teams, still the players must be taught and guided to practice proper composure and tolerance at their best.

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